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バーバリー コート レディース UPF costs could equal original Y

UPF costs could equal original Y
I had a chance to chat this week with Oak Ridge historian Bill Wilcox, and that's always a treat. Wilcox is my go-to guy for facts on just about anything associated with the Manhattan Project or the government's Oak Ridge operations over the decades. He's a waterfall of information.
I was trying to get some context on the cost of the Uranium Processing Facility, a new production center that's under development at the Y-12 nuclear weapons plant.
For those who may not have seen the latest news on UPF, the revised cost range for the Y-12 project is now $4.2 billion to $6.5 billion. That's roughly double the previous cost range of $1.4 billion to $3.5 billion, and construction hasn't even started yet.
As I noted recently on my blog, Atomic City Underground, there are concerns that the National Nuclear Security Administration's plan to combine the management contract at Y-12 with the one at the Pantex warhead assembly/disassembly plant in Texas could further delay the schedule for UPF. The new uranium facility is currently projected to come online around 2022, but some informed individuals believe the time devoted to the contract procurement and ultimately transitioning to a new multi-site contractor could divert attention from UPF and add a couple of years - or even more - to the project timetable.
If that's the case, the price tag could go up again, because a delay in the construction schedule almost always adds to a project's cost. Plus the design for UPF is only about 50 percent complete, and NNSA officials have said they won't have a cost estimate they can commit to fully until design is 90 percent complete.
That's a picture of clear uncertainty.
Anyway, back to my chat with Wilcox and trying to get some context on the cost of UPF.
I asked the Oak Ridge historian about the relative costs of the World War II Manhattan Project.
The overall cost of the Manhattan Project work in Oak Ridge (through 1945, when the war ended) was about $1.12 billion, Wilcox said. That includes the cost of the four Oak Ridge plants - Y-12, K-25, X-10 and S-50 - as well as the バーバリー コート レディース town itself that housed the tens of thousands workers.
If you translate that into 2009 dollars, the Oak Ridge cost during the war was about $13.3 billion, Wilcox said. (Oak Ridge was by far the biggest of the Manhattan Project sites and accounted for 60 percent of the A-bomb project's total expenditures.)
So, you can compare that to the multi-billion-dollar UPF, which is supposed to replace Y-12's aged and deteriorated 9212 production complex and incorporate a number of advanced technologies to increase the safety and efficiency of the Oak Ridge uranium operations. Based on these estimates, it appears that the cost of UPF could approach half of what was spent on the entire Oak Ridge operations during World War II.
To be more specific, let's compare the cost of UPF to the original cost of Y-12, when a brand-new electromagnetic process for separating isotopes of uranium (and extracting the needed U-235 for the http://burberrybag.genin.jp/ atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan) was deployed in a rapid and massive manner in Bear Creek Valley.
According to Wilcox, the wartime cost to construct and operate Y-12 was about $478 million. Translating that バーバリー コート into 2009 dollars, the cost of Y-12 would be about $5.633 billion - roughly what the Uranium Processing Facility is now expected to cost.
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